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CALDWELL
IDAHO

CALDWELL

Nestled in the Treasure Valley, surrounded by the Owyhee, Weiser, and Boise mountain ranges, the present-day City of Caldwell is located along a natural passageway to the Inland and Pacific Northwest. Indian tribes from the west coast, northern Idaho, and as far away as Colorado would come to the banks of the Boise River for annual trading fairs.

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​ ​Caldwell was named after one of Strahorn's business partners, Alexander Caldwell, a former Senator from Kansas. When Caldwell was platted in August 1883, its founder, the Idaho and Oregon Land Improvement Company, started persuading settlers and businessmen to move to the area.

When Caldwell was platted in August 1883, its founder, the Idaho and Oregon Land Improvement Company, started persuading settlers and businessmen to move to the area. Within four months, Caldwell had 600 residents living in 150 dwellings, 40 businesses in operation, a school, a telephone exchange and two newspapers. On January 15, 1890, the Board of Commissioners of Ada County issued a handwritten order incorporating the City of Caldwell. The College of Idaho was founded in Caldwell in 1891 and is still in existence today. In 1892, Canyon County was established from a portion of Ada County; Caldwell was named the county seat.

Communities - Caldwell
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